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A prosperous commercial city in the region of Phrygia in northwest Asia Minor. Two neighboring cities with Christian communities, Colossae and Hierapolis (Col 2:1; Col 4:13-16), were in this same river valley. Epaphras, portrayed as one of Paul’s companions, apparently worked in all three cities (Col 4:12-13). According to (Col 4:16), Laodicea received a letter from Paul, and it was to exchange letters with the neighboring community at Colossae. The Laodicean letter is no longer extant unless, as some think, it is to be equated with the work that appears in the NT as Paul’s Letter to the Ephesians. The church of Laodicea was one of the seven rebuked in Revelation (Rev 3:14-22).

  • Powell, Mark Allan, ed. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Abridged Edition. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.